Retinal damage or Diabetic Retinopathy is a problem associated with the eyes. Diabetes does not just affect your organs like the liver and heart, but it also impacts your eyes. This situation occurs when blood vessels of light-sensitive tissues of the retina get damaged. It might not show any noticeable signs in the beginning but can lead to blindness if not treated.
Diabetics with type 1 or type 2 diabetes can develop this disease. The condition can create in any individual who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Long term diabetic patients have less control over the blood sugar, and they are more prone to develop eye complications.
Thankfully, we have treatments that can effectively treat the eyes and stop Diabetic Retinopathy from progressing.
Working of Eyes
Our eyes help us to see all of the beautiful things around us in the world, but they are complex organs. You can see the objects around you as they reflect the light that falls on them. The light enters your eyes through a layer of the eye called the Cornea which helps it to pass through the pupil (the black circle in the center). The Iris (colored part of the eye) contracts and expands according to the availability of the light.
The Pupil passes the light to the lens of the eye, which refracts the light and focuses it on the retina. The retina lies at the back of the eyes and plays a significant role in the formation of images. Hence, it plays a vital role in your vision.
How Diabetes Impacts Your Vision?
Chronic diseases like diabetes lead to an increase in the glucose level of the body. Eyes get damaged due to high blood sugar in a diabetic person. Leakage of fluid from the blood vessels leads to distortion of vision. Damage of retinal blood vessels results in swelling and accumulation of fluid. Diabetic Retinopathy can cause spots in vision, blur your sight, and make it difficult to see at night.
Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is not easy to identify at the initial stages, but with time, you’ll start noticing the symptoms like:
- Blurry vision
- Fluctuation in Sight
- Empty Spots in Vision
- Impaired Color Vision
- Loss of Vision
Types of Diabetic Retinopathy
Early Diabetic Retinopathy
The most common is non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR), where the new vessels don’t grow. In NPDR, the retinal walls become weak. NPDR can progress from mild to severe as more blood vessels become blocked. The central part of the retina or nerve fibers begins to swell, and this condition needs treatment.
Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy, which can become severe, is known as proliferative or advanced Diabetic Retinopathy. It occurs when blood vessels become closed, and abnormal blood vessels in the retina start to grow. It leaks a jelly-like substance in the eye, and these new blood vessels can stimulate scar tissue that may detach the retina from the back of your eye.
If the new blood vessels interfere with the normal flow of fluid out of the eye, it can build up the pressure in the eyeball. This situation can damage the optic nerve that results in glaucoma.
Treatments for Diabetic Retinopathy
One of the best ways to deal with Diabetic Retinopathy is to get your eyes tested frequently. Testing and consultation will help you in the early detection of such a problem and keep your eyes safe and healthy. To schedule an eye consultation with Dr. Leon Cohn, Call us at 954 792 6411.